Burgh


Burgh
Orig. a fortified "manor house or private stronghold. Before the Vikings arrived, burh referred to ancient hill camps, and remnants of Roman encampments. Later it was used of fortified towns (which may well have grown up around a fortified manor house); spelling changed to *borough and the word came to signify a municipal district. Alfred was responsible for the establishment of many fortified burhs, new towns in effect, as part of a strategy of defence against the Vikings. In Wessex, few places were further than 20 miles from a burh. Many placenames ending in '-bury' might well have been burhs. Often such places thrived because of their markets. However, *burhbot applied only to walled towns and the fortified places established by Alfred. In the sense of a manor house, possession of a burh marked the graduation from *ceorl to *thegn.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Burgh — ist der Name von Albert Burgh (1593–1647), Arzt und Amsterdamer Bürgermeister Cameron van der Burgh (* 1988), südafrikanischer Schwimmer Chris de Burgh (* 1948 als Christopher John Davison), irischer Sänger und Komponist Cornelius Burgh… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burgh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un Burgh representa una entidad corporativa autónoma, usualmente, un pueblo, y ha sido usado en Escocia desde el siglo XII. Hoy en día, el reconocimiento de Burgh tiene poco más que valor ceremonial. Obtenido de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burgh — Burgh, n. [OE. See {Burg}.] A borough or incorporated town, especially, one in Scotland. See {Borough}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burgh —   [ bʌrə oder bəːg] die, / s, in Schottland die Gemeinde, dem englischen Borough vergleichbar. Schottland war früher eingeteilt in Verwaltungsbezirke mit je einer beherrschenden Royal Burgh, die auch im ausschließlichen Besitz der merkantilen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • burgh|al — «BUR guhl», adjective. of or having to do with a burgh: »a burghal government …   Useful english dictionary

  • burgh|er — «BUR guhr», noun. a citizen of a burgh or town; citizen: »... well fed burghers in sidewalk cafés sip coffee (Time) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Burgh — Burgh, Ort in Suffolk (England); dabei Burgcastle, nach Ein. das römische Garianonum, ein befestigtes Römerlager aus der Zeit des Kaisers Claudius, von welchem noch Überreste vorhanden sind …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • -burgh — [bʉrg; bur′ō, bur′ə] suffix BURG * * * …   Universalium

  • burgh — [ˈbʌrə US bə:rg, ˈbʌrou] n a ↑borough used in Scotland …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • -burgh — [bʉrg; bur′ō, bur′ə] suffix BURG …   English World dictionary

  • burgh — [bʉrg; bu′rə] n. [ME: Scot var. of BOROUGH] 1. Brit. a borough 2. in Scotland, an incorporated or chartered town …   English World dictionary


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